Frequently Asked Questions

What do I need to get started to teach the PAF Reading Program?

If you are planning to implement PAF with students who are beginning formal reading instruction, start at Level 1 of the PAF instructional sequence.  


You will need the following teacher materials:

1 Alphabet Picture Cards

1 Pocket Chart Alphabet Cards

1 Review Cards, Set 1


For each student: 

1 Step By Step Skills Book

1 Pals Reader

1 Pals Skills Book

If you are teaching students who are not beginning readers, download the PAF Test of Single Word Reading to determine at which level to begin.   

When should the PAF Reading Program be implemented?

If you are implementing PAF as a beginning reading program, you can start using the program when formal reading instruction begins in your school or district. For some, that means starting in kindergarten; for others it may mean introducing it in first grade. It can also be used as a remedial program for Tier 2 or Tier 3 students in grades 1 – 6.

Is PAF appropriate for multilingual learners?

The short answer is yes. Since PAF teaches foundational skills and the structure of language, it is a highly effective reading program for English Learners.

Will the PAF Reading Program solve my students’ reading, spelling, and comprehension challenges?

The PAF Reading Program is a comprehensive program that addresses all these challenges. It has all the instructional practices supported by the latest research and recommended by the International Dyslexia Association. It provides direct instruction, using multisensory techniques, to help students acquire accurate and automatic sound/symbol associations that impact decoding and spelling. It provides instructional strategies and material that build fluency which improves comprehension.

How does this program differ from other Orton-Gillingham programs?

PAF incorporates Orton-Gillingham methodology with the latest research-based instructional practices. The authors are Fellows of the Academy of Orton-Gillingham Practitioners and Educators. Many Orton-Gillingham programs only provide short reading passages for students to practice reading connected text and are designed to be used in one-to-one settings. In contrast, the PAF Program has seven decodable chapter books and corresponding skills books for fluency and comprehension. PAF is the most effective classroom adaptation of Orton-Gillingham. The PAF reading program can easily be used in all educational settings.

Will PAF disrupt my current reading program?

PAF is a reading program. However, if schools need to use it together with another reading curriculum, the design of the PAF reading lesson allows for flexibility. Therefore, it can fit into various time allocations designated for reading. Any lesson can be done in one session or over a period of sessions until a particular unit of instruction is completed. However, PAF differs from some other reading programs in that the students read aloud daily under the direct supervision of a teacher. Educators using PAF with groups of students will have to determine how they use it within their educational setting.

Learn more about PAF and Read-Alouds.

How is your program used in a Response to Intervention (RTI) model?

The PAF Reading Program can be used in a variety of settings to meet the needs of struggling readers. Curriculum- based assessments are included in the program to help monitor students’ progress and ensure appropriate intervention. The design of the program, as well as its materials, afford the flexibility of using all or parts of the daily lesson depending upon the specific needs of your students regardless of the Tier designation.

Is your program aligned to state standards or the Common Core?

The PAF Reading Program provides the instructional tools to meet the Common Core Reading Standards for Foundational Skills, Literature, Informational Text and Language Standards K-3. While we meet all the K-3 Common Core requirements, we believe we have a more developmentally appropriate progression of skills and a few differences should be noted.

For Foundational Skill goals, our sequence is different. We do not teach long vowels in kindergarten, and some of the first and second grade goals, such as reading and spelling two-syllable phonetic root words and suffixes, are taught earlier.

For Literature, we do not teach children to use illustrations as a comprehension strategy when reading fiction.

For Informational Text, it is more developmentally appropriate to teach students to use text features and ask them to compare two texts about the same topic with different points, after third grade.

Does the program include a teacher’s manual and materials for systematic instruction?

The PAF Teacher Handbook is a detailed guide for using the PAF Reading Program. It contains over 200 lessons with step-by-step instructions for teaching reading, spelling, and handwriting systematically using multisensory techniques. You will find the PAF materials that are available for both the teacher and students on the website.

Does the program include assessments?

Yes. There are two types of assessments.

1. The PAF Test of Single Word Reading
The PAF Test of Single Word Reading is used for placement of new students. It assesses a student’s ability to read words in isolation. It will help teachers determine where students should begin in the PAF sequence.

The PAF Test of Single Word Reading also is used to monitor student progress. The test provides an opportunity to show quantitative growth in reading throughout the school year and from year-to-year. It offers an alternative assessment tool for students who cannot yet read the uncontrolled text on standardized reading tests.

2. The PAF Proficiency Tests
The PAF Proficiency Tests are curriculum-based tests which are administered periodically. Their purpose is to help you maintain the proper pace of instruction and to guide your instructional planning. Analysis of your students’ performance on these assessments will highlight when to reteach key concepts or skills, determine if a student should be moved to a different reading group, or if the group is ready to continue in the sequence.

Do the PAF decodable readers replace the Merrill readers?

Yes. The PAF Reading Series, our new decodable chapter books, follow the Instructional Sequence in the PAF Teacher Handbook and replace the Merrill readers.

Can the PAF decodable chapter books be used as supplemental materials with any reading program?

Yes! The PAF Reading Series can be used to supplement any reading program.

Do you offer training? Is coaching available?

PAF provides training for those who want direct instruction in how to use the program. The goal of PAF’s professional development is to ensure effective instruction by teachers and successful reading outcomes for the students. To this end, comprehensive teacher training and ongoing support can be tailored to the needs of individual schools and districts and can be delivered on site or through synchronous platforms. Please email us at for inquiries regarding training and coaching.